06/2013 - The accession of Croatia to the EU to take place in just under one month

Croatia will become the 28th Member of the European Union, the result of a long process which began with their request to join the EU in 2003. Upon the conclusion of negotiations and the signing of the Accession Treaty in December 2011, Croatia was placed under a strict pre-accession monitoring arrangement, an innovation used for the first time by the EU, in order to ensure that the country reaches accession objectives.

In the last report on Croatia’s accession preparations – entitled the Monitoring Report, published on 26th March 2013, the European Commission acknowledged that Croatia is ready to join the European Union on 1st July 2013.



1. (Economic) Advantages of enlargement



Enlargement extends the internal market, open trade, investment and financial flows, thus providing opportunities both for traders in the European Union and the acceding country.



Trade between old Member States and new EU countries has almost tripled in less than 10 years preceding the 2004 and 2007 enlargements. An even better example is the fivefold increase in trade between the new Member States themselves.



Growth in acceding countries has contributed to growth in the old EU Member States thanks to an increase in investment opportunities and demand for finished products. It contributed 0.5 percentage points to combined EU growth, including for the 15 Member States during the 2000 – 2008 period.




2.  Obligations remaining for Croatia




As Croatia’s borders will become the external borders of the EU, special attention is still required concerning staffing and training of customs officials and border police, and for installations and essential technical equipment.


Regarding future financial assistance, Croatia must strive to ensure that appropriate administrative capacity is in place to manage funds and high quality, mature projects. This is of crucial importance for the effective and efficient use of Structural and Cohesion Funds.





3.  Consequences of Croatia’s accession to the European Union in terms of customs:

From the 1st July 2013, Croatia will apply the EU Customs Code (CC) and the Implementing Provisions of the Customs Code (CCIP).


Croatia’s accession to the European Union is also the expansion of the EU’s internal market, meaning the application of EU VAT rules and EU standards in various other crucial domains which have a direct impact on the EU as a whole:  energy security, for example the protection of the environment, and plant health and safety standards.


Irina Movileanu
International Development Manager




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           06/2013 - The accession of Croatia to the EU to take place in just under one month